Lafayette Consolidated Government is a participating community in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), a federal program that was enacted in 1968 to make flood insurance available in communities that maintained floodplain management regulations. Lafayette Consolidated Government entered into the NFIP in 1980. The insurance from the NFIP is considerably less expensive than federal disaster loans and it is backed by the U.S. government.
When it comes to flood protection, most homeowner insurance policies do not cover losses due to flooding. However, flood insurance is available for most enclosed buildings and can cover the structure and/or contents. This includes homes, condominiums, mobile homes on foundations, businesses or commercial structure, farms, and the contents of rental units. Flood insurance coverage protects you even when a federal disaster is not declared (which is required for most federal disaster assistance to be offered). The flood coverage from the NFIP is an asset to your home or business owner as it reimburses you for covered financial losses from flood damage.
Flood insurance coverage through the NFIP does have its limits. Buildings, single-family homes, or 2-4 family residential structures are limited to $250,000 in damages. Other residential buildings and non-residential buildings are capped at $500,000.
For contents-only policies, residences are limited to $100,000 in damages, while the contents of commercial and other structures are capped at $500,000. You can view an example Flood Insurance Premium comparison by Flood Zone here: NFIP Comparison Chart
Mandatory Purchase Requirement
The Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 and the National Flood Insurance Reform Act of 1994 made the purchase of flood insurance mandatory for federally backed mortgages on buildings located in a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA). A SFHA is any flood zone starting with the letter “A” or “V”. The requirement applies to secured mortgage loans from financial institutions, all mortgage loans purchased by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, and all forms of federally related financial assistance.
Lenders are required to complete a Standard Flood Hazard Determination form whenever they make, increase, extend or renew a mortgage, home equity, home improvement, commercial or farm credit loan. If the building is in an SFHA, the agency or lender is required by law to require the recipient to purchase a flood insurance policy on the building. If the recipient declines to purchase the mandatory flood insurance coverage, the agency or lender can purchase the flood insurance coverage and charge the recipient for it. This latter action is called “force place insurance” and is usually much more expensive for the recipient.
There is a 30-day waiting period between purchase and when coverage begins. This is done to prevent purchasing insurance when a major storm is forecast (only to cancel the policy when the threat passes). The following exceptions apply: